Comparative study of filters based on periodic structures in SIW technology
In this work, the study of two different topologies of S-band band-pass filters based on periodic structures in substrate integrated waveguide (SIW) technology is theoretical and experimentally addressed. The first topology consists of periodic rectangular perforations of the SIW substrate. In this filter topology, the lower cutoff frequency is determined by the cutoff frequency of the first Floquet mode of the periodic structure, while the upper cutoff frequency and the rejection band are conditioned by its first band-gap. The second topology consists of a periodic array of square complementary split ring resonators (CSRRs) etched on the waveguide surface. In this case, the use of subwavelength resonators with evanescentwave transmission leads to a much smaller filter, given that the pass-band is below the cutoff frequency of the waveguide. The effect of the different dimensions of the unit cell in the filters characteristics (lower cutoff frequency, pass-band, and rejectionband associated to the first band-gap of the periodic structure) is analyzed through the dispersion diagram of the periodic cell. A band-pass filter based on each topology has been designed and built, showing in both cases good matching and low insertion loss in the pass-band, and a deep rejection band.